From the figure of FC, you could see there is a traffic light by the side that I included. That is how I viewed the implementation of FC. I viewed FC a:

  • Before coming to class, students have to be ready (PLE)
  • Lecturers has to prepare good materials to engage students to learn on their own and be prepared
  • Pre-class materials must be engaging, interesting and immersive (PLE)
  • During class, there need to be activities that allow students to create, analyse, evaluate and apply. This is the higher order of Bloom Taxonomy for deeper learning. (TLE)
  • Lecturers has to prepare effective materials and activities that allow students to create, analyse, evaluate and apply. This could be active learning & cooperative learning activities, problem solving cases or such. This requires creativity and lots of planning that include the materials, setup, setting of mode and location (TLE).
  • Finally, a good closure is important. I view the STOP or ending of topic as very critical. This is when students need to be given clarification on where they have done it right or wrong; and room for improvements. They need to be given feedback on work they have done and clarity on misconceptions and misunderstandings. I learnt that this is extremely best to be done at the end of each topic before the start of new ones. Or else, the effectiveness of the closure will be much lesser when they have already forgotten about the topic and content.
  • Having outside class activities and exposure is a plus point (SLE). This include site visits, community services, entering competitions, organizing events and a lot more. Relate them with syllabus and be creative. It will require extra effort and budget, nevertheless the impact is so huge that students will remember them forever!